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Saturday, December 31, 2016

Principal Reviewer on Leadership Roles in Managing a School

Test your knowledge

Let's find out how much prior knowledge you have about this topic. Write C if the concept is correct and NC if it is not correct.

1. Distributed leadership is characterized as a form of a collective leadership, in which teachers develop expertise by working collaboratively.

2. Distributed Leadership means multiple sources of guidance and direction.

3. Distributed leadership equates with maximizing the human capacity within the organization.

4. If reforms are to improve learning for all students principal must find and implements meaningful curriculum and effective instructional program.

5. Effective principals do not just string together a series of individual actions, but systematically distributes leadership by building it into the fabric of school life.

6. It is helpful to know the factors affecting the individuality of teachers.

7. The "Extrinsic rewards" are often the only element in a job.

8. The " Intrinsic rewards" are not controlled by the principals.

9. Telling the teachers, " If you behave this way,do this job, you can satisfy your needs directly because the very act of carrying out the job will be self - fulfilling or will up your self-esteem" is an example of an intrinsic reward.

10. Telling the teachers, "If you behave this way and do this job, I will provide you with something that will enable you to satisfy your needs" is an example of an Extrinsic reward.

11. Communication is often formal in classical leadership.

12. Leadership is identified by the quality of people's interaction rather than their position.

13. Principals have the power to illuminate the lives of their teachers or to cover them in darkness.

14. Teachers under shared Leadership need to develop ownership, learning and sharing.

15. Promoting a healthy working environment is one way of demonstrating effective leadership in school. This can be done using the four stages, namely forming, norming, storming and performing.

source: Project q-Learn Learning package of DepEd.Principal Reviewer

Friday, December 23, 2016


A. Research Protocol 

     1. All research to be conducted must be related to the nature of the work, would improve teaching and learning, access and school governance; and matters arising from SIP analysis and Learning Action Cells sessions that require further investigation.

     2. Research proposals must be submitted in the receiving section.

     3. The Division Research Committee (DRC) will convence to review the research proposals submitted every friday. The Subject Area Coordinator will be in-charge of editing the content of the research and the research coordinator shall be in-charge of the outline/format.

     4. After the thorough review of the submitted proposal by the DRC, it will be endorsed to the CID/SGOD Chief concerned for recommending approval and approval of the Assistant Schools Division Superintendent concerned.

     5. Research Project must be implemented after the approval of Assistant Schools Division Superintendent concerned.

      6. The conduct of the Research study will be monitored by the Division Research Committee and/or Education Program Supervisor. Researchers are advised to maintain Research Journal where research progresses are indicated and monitors will affix their signatures in tracking the research implementation development.

     7. The Research paper completion report should be submitted after the conduct of research to the Division Research Committee for validation through the receiving section.

     8. The approved completed research paper/completion report with approved research proposal should be submitted to the Planning and Research Office for recording and filling purposes. These will form part of the DepEd Camarines Sur's Library of Research Works.

     9. Folders should be ring bound and color coded. Re: RED-School Governance related research, ORANGE-Filipino, Yellow-English, GREEN-Science, DARK BLUE-Math, YELLOW GREEN -Araling Panlipunan, VIOLET- MAPEH, PINK- TLE LIGHT BLUE -Values Education.

     10. Action Research to be conducted shall undergo the process of verification, validation and approval.

     11. Researchers who choose to request for research fund, shall refer to DepEd order No. 43, s 2015.

     12. For purposes of ranking and promotion, the research paper to earn points should be one with the approval of the Assistant Schools Division Superintendent concerned.

B. Research Outline

     1. The following outline shall be observed as contained in DepEd Order No. 24, s 2010 and Regional  Memorandum No. 75, s.2011.



II - Researcher/s
       Contact Number

III - Background of the Study

IV - Statement of the Problem

V -  Significance of the study/Expected output ( to teachers, researchers, learners, schools, Division Office, others researchers)

VI - Scope of the Study

VII- Research Design
         a. Methodology
         b. Sampling Design
         c. Description of Instruments/Data Gathering Forms

VIII- Work and Financial Plan

Activities   Time Frame   Person Involved    Resource Req.source of Fund  Means of verification






I - Title

II - Researcher
      Contact Number

III- Abstract

IV - Significance of the Study

V-   Research Design and Methodology

VI - Result and Discussion

VII - Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations

VIII- Originality/Value


1. The following format shall be observed
     a. line spacing

  • Research Proposal double space from Background of the study to work and Financial Plan, except for the content of the table.
  • Research Completed doubled space from Abstract to Originality/value 
      b. Font Type - Time New Roman
      c. Font Size  -  11
      d. Margin     -   default 
      e. paper size - short (8.5x11)
      f. There should be footer indicating the title of the research and the researcher and pagination (e.g page 1 of g. 


Division Memorandum No. 05, s. 2016

Tuesday, December 13, 2016

Reviewer for Principal on Instructional Leadership


              1. Experiential Learning Theory (Dewey and Piaget) - learning is most effectively and likely to lead to behavior change when it begins with experience, especially problematic experience (Osterman &Kottkampp, 2004)

               2. Problem - Based Learning ( Bridges, 1992) learning is most effective when the learner is actively involved in the learning process, when it takes place as a collaborative rather than isolated activity and in a context relevant to the learner. this dialectic and cyclical process consists of of four stages: Experience, observation and reflection, abstract Re-conceptualization and experimentation (Kolb, 1984)

1. Identify a problematic situation
2. Reflect on the problem or experience- preferably in a collaborative,cooperative environment.
3. Consider alternative ways of thinking and acting,
4. Test the re-conceptualized behavior and assumptions.


  • Reflection is an umbrella word that we use to describe the way by which people learn from their experience.

  • It is a way of processing experience in order to understand it, to give it meaning, to learn from it, to inform action and behavior.
  • It is an automatic  human response to an experience.
  • It is a process which tells you why.

1. Until I know why, I would not have learnt.
2. The reflection process is one way that a person can learn how to identify his own destination.
3. The reflection process enables a person to figure out his own strategies for getting 
     to his destination.
4. The reflection process stresses the importance of OWNERSHIP for the change we want to 
     bring about the change. Our destination and how we are going to get there must be really ours...
     "sariling atin"
5. The Reflection process builds on and enhances one's capacity to take ownership for one's life.
     It is a "growth tool."
6. The reflection process is a tool which can be used by the individual or groups to enhance 
     the quality of life.. It help us set our own directions and to our own planning 
     to achieve our own goals.
7. Reflection draws out our creativity.


Reflection is not solely a retrospective method of making sense of and maximizing the potential for
learning from experience. It is a source of learning in its own right. Through the process of reflection, people learn about;
1. Their capacity for openness.
2. Their capacity for learning from experience.
3. Their capacity for independent learning.

Source: National Educators Academy of the Philippines 
              INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERSHIP for school Heads 

Friday, August 12, 2016

Questions for Elementary Science VI

Directions: Fill the blanks with the correct word or group of words to complete each statement.
1.      The heart is located in the __________between the lungs and above the diaphragm.
2.      The heart is described as a __________muscular organ.
3.      The heart is the central organ that _________blood to all parts of the body.
4.      The four sections of the heart is known as the ____________
5.      The upper chambers are __________and the lower chambers are the ______________

Directions: Match column A with column B Write only the letter of the correct answer.

          Column A                                    Column B

1.      Initiate of clotting of blood                 a. erythrocytes
2.      Liquid part of the blood                      b. leukocytes
3.      Red blood cells                                    c. corpucles
4.      White blood cells                                d. hemoglobin
5.      Red coloring pigment of the blood     e. plasma
                                                                  F. platelets

Directions: choose the letter of the best answer.
1.      In what blood vessels does the exchange of gases takes place?
a.      Arteries
b.      Capillaries
c.       Veins
d.      Heart

2.      Blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body.
a.      Valve
b.      Veins
c.       Capillaries
d.      Arteries

3.      Which of the following brings back the blood to the heart?
a.      Capillaries
b.      Aorta
c.       Veins
d.      Arteries

4.      Arteries have thick layer baecause________-
a.      They carried blood from the heart which flows rapidly.
b.      They are biggest blood vessels.
c.       They have more supply of blood
d.      It is where blood comes out from the heart.

5.      The fine network of arteries are called __________
a.      Arteriole
b.      Venules
c.       Capillaries

d.      Veins

Directions: Fill in the blanks to complete each statement.
1.      An inborn disease due to the abnormal development of the heart of an inborn baby is _____________
2.      A chronic disease characterized by an abnormal increase of white blood cells in the body is ______________
3.      Rheumatic fever is caused by a bacteria called ______________
4.      When the blood pressure of a person  reaches above 140/90 mmHg, he she has ________
5.      When coronary artery thickens and hardens, the person is threatened to have _________
6.      A disease that is easily caught in crowded places is _______________
7.      Cardio refers to ______________
8.      A disease that is caused by the eruption of the blood vessels is _____________
9.      A disease that is caused by repeated attacks of rheumatic fever is ___________
10.  A condition wherein the blood lacks red bloods cell is ______________

Directions: choose and write the letter of the correct answer in your test booklet.
1.      The communication network and control center of  the human body is the __________
a.         Circulatory system
b.         Excretory system
c.          Muscular system
d.         Nervous system

2.   The  second largest portion of the brain is the _____________
a.         Pons
b.         Cerebellum
c.          Midbrain
d.         Cerebrum

3.      The center of the nervous system is the ___________
a.         Brain
b.         Spinal cord
c.          Nerve cells
d.         Midbrain

4.      Which sends warnings or signals from the receptor cell of the muscle to the spinal cord?
a.         Dendrite
b.         Cell body
c.          Sensory nerve cell
d.         Synapse

5.         The involuntary response of any part of the whenever a stimulus arouses is called__________
a.         Action
b.         Reflex action
c.          Voluntary response
d.         Pattern of behaviour

Directions: Match column A with Column B

                     Column A                                                                                                   Column B
1.         Rough branching projections like the antlers of the deer                 a. Autonomic NS        
2.         Transmit warnings or signals and keep the nerve cells healthy       b. motor nerve cells
3.         Pass the signal from the brain or spinal cord to the muscles           c. dendrites
4.         Regulates the activities of the internal organs of the body              d. cell body
5.         The fixed pattern of behaviour                                                         e. reflex action
                                                                                                                 b.   Sensory nerve cells

Directions: Read the questions carefully. Then write the letter of the best answer in your test booklet.
1.         Which of these describes a healthy person?
a.   Has good physical health
b.   Has good/sound mind
c.    Gets along well with other people
d.   All of the above

2.         What are the needs of a sound healthy person?
            a.   Love
            b.   Protection
            c.    Belongingness
           d.   All of the above

3.         How do you prevent yourself from getting sick?
            a.   Keep surrounding clean
            b.   Have a regular physical check up
            c.    Avoid taking in medicines without the prescription of a doctor
            d.   All of the above

4.         How could a person be emotionally healthy?
            a.   Have concerns with others
            b.   Be caring and loving
            c.    Always be of help of others
            d.   All of the above

5.         A sense of social well – being and wellness of body and mind is _____________
            a.   Attitude
            b.   Habit
            c.    Health
            d.   Emotion

6.         What pumps blood to all parts of the body?
            a.   Brain
            b.   Heart
            c.    Kidney
            d.   Veins

7.         What is the biggest artery in the circulatory system?
            a.   Capillaries
            b.   Aorta
            c.    Bicuspid valves
            d.   Veins

8.         Which of these practices affect the circulation of the blood?.
a.   taking drugs
b.   smoking
c.    eating fatty
d.   all of these

9.         what might be cause of anemia?
            a.   Iron deficiency
            b.   Lack of sleep
            c.    Taking unprescribed drugs
            d.   All of these

10.     What is the flow of blood through the tissues of the heart?
a.      Coronary circulation
b.      Pulmonary circulation
c.       Synthetic circulation
d.      Two – way circulation

11.  What happens when blood goes into the lungs?
a.      The blood is deoxygenated
b.      The blood is oxygenated
c.       The blood collects the food nutrients
d.      The blood returns to the left atrium

12.   What is the fatty substance that blocks the arteries?
a.      Clot blood
b.      Marrow
c.       Cholesterol
d.      Digested food

13.   What substance make the blood red?
a.      Protein
b.      Cholesterol
c.       Blood cells
d.      Haemoglobin

14.  Which of these are the solid parts of the blood?
a.      Platelets, blood cells
b.      Blood cells
c.       White blood cells
d.      Red blood cells

15.  The passageway of the blood are the __________?
a.      Bones
b.      Blood vessels
c.       Heart
d.      Lungs

16.  The blood vessel that brings the blood with carbon dioxide and waste materials back to the heart are the ___________
a.      Arteries
b.      Capillaries
c.       Aorta
d.      Veins

17.   Tiny blood vessels where the exchange of blood and air take place are the _____________
a.      Arteries
b.      Capillaries
c.       Veins
d.      Ventricles

18.  The communication network and the control system of our body is _____________
a.      Circulatory system
b.      Excretory system
c.       Nervous system
d.      Respiratory system

19.  The Nervous System includes the _______________
a.      Nerves, brain
b.      Spinal cord, brain
c.       Five senses, nerves, spinal cord
d.      Five senses, nerves, brain, and spinal cord

20.  The largest part of the human brain is the _________________
a.      Cerebrum
b.      Cerebellum
c.       Medulla oblongata
d.      Spinal cord

21.  These bring the message to the spinal cord and the brain.
a.      Cerebrum
b.      Medulla oblongata
c.       Dendrites
d.      Nerve cells

22.  What activities controlled by the autonomic nervous system?
a.      Digestion of food
b.      Respiration
c.       Excretion
d.      All of these

23.  The network of the nervous system that carries signals and impulses to all parts of the body are the ______________
a.      Dendrite
b.      Axon
c.       Nerve cells
d.      Synapse

24.  The part of the brain that takes care of the movement of the muscles is the __________
a.      Cerebrum
b.      Cerebellum
c.       Medulla oblongata
d.      Spinal cord

Directions: Match column A with column B. Write only the letter of the correct answer.
1.      Pulmonary circulation                                  a. red corpuscles
2.      Superior vena cava                                       b. congenital heart disease
3.      Tricuspid valve                                             c. flow of blood from the heart to the lungs
4.      White blood cells                                          d. largest veins
5.      Blood platelets                                              e. soldiers of the body
6.      Cardiovascular disease                                 f. valve at the right side of the heart
7.      Oxygenated blood                                         g. helps blood clotting
8.      Erythrocytes                                                  h. pure blood
9.      Leukemia                                                       i. cancer of the blood
10.     Cardio                                                            j. valve at the left side of the heart
k. refers to the heart